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AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE (OBJ and ESSAY) NECO 2016 Free Expo Answers For Tuesday June 14/6/2016


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Tuesday 14th june
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE (obj and essay) 2:00pm-4:30pm
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AGRIC- OBJ
1-10: ACBACBECEE
11-20: AECEEBCACA
21-30: DECCDCEEBA
31-40: BCDBCCCDCA
41-50: CBBDBDEABD
51-60: EDECDBCEDA




Agric-Theory-Ans
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(1a)
-Machinery can be sold to farmers at subsidized rate by the government
-Land should be made available to farmers at large scale which will discourage use of simple farm tools
-Extension agent should encourage use of machinery to farmers in order to improve farm productivity
-Land tenure system which discourage use of machinery should be abolished

(1b)
-To encourage farmers to produce at large scale to encourage exportation
-To improve the standard of living of farmers
-To increase the efficiency of input/output ratio
-It increase the financial status of farmers

(1c)
-ARMTI(Agricultural Rural Management Training Institute),Kwara state
-Federal college of fresh water fishery Technology Maiduguri
-National animal production research institute Zaria

(1d)
-Soyabean-Feed
-Tea-Beverage
-Sisal-Clothing

(1e)
Tenacy at government will is when land is given by the government to an individual when he meets certain terms and conditions while rent tenure system is when a price of land acquired by paying for a piece of land

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(4a)
(i) Security of tenure
(ii) Ensuring proper land use
(iii) Government projects
(iv) Land improvement

(4b)
(i) Ammonium
(ii) Nitrites
(iii) Nitrogen

(4c)
(i) Flatworms
(ii) Fungi
(iii) Tick

(4d)
(i) It helps to determine the best soil suitable for agriculture.
(ii) It identifies the part where plant nutrients can be found, that is the top soil, is the richest part of the soil.
(iii) It also helps to determine the level in which water can be available in the soil .
(iv) A loosely packed subsoil will reduce erosion and soil run-off.

(4e)
(i) Mixed farming is growing of crops and feed and livestock all on the same farm while
(ii) Mixed Cropping is growing of two or more crops simultaneously on the same piece of land.

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(7a)
-Colostrum gives antibodies against infection to the young animals
-It provides proteins
-It provides minerals and vitamins

(7b)
-Tick cause discomfort on the animals which lead to body scratching etc
-Ticks serve as vectors which carry dangerous micro organisms to animals
Control:The use of ectoparasitic chemicals to control it

(7c)
-Offshore fishery
-Reservior fishery
-Fish fertilization
-Fish harvesting
-Aquaculture policies

(7d)
-Debeaking: It reduce incidence of cannibalism
-Branding:It helps for identification of farm animals

(7e)
-Drones serves as workers in the bee colony
-Drones help in taking care of the queen
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5a)
-Hybridization is the process of producing an offspring from cross breeding of two pure varieties of any species which intermidiate between the parents in appearance
-Gene is the hereditary unit of inheritance which is located in chromosomes and are responsible for the transmission of characters from parent to offspring
-Traits is the inherited attributes which the plant breaders selects



5b)
i) Yam = Yam flour
ii) Groundnut = Groundnut meal
iii) Tobacco = Cigarettes

5c
i) Milder => symptoms= black and yellow green spots
Plant= pumpkin

ii) Fusarium wilt =>symptoms= leaf drop

Plant= Tomato

5d)
i) Pruning
ii) Application of fertilizer
iii) Application of pesticides
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6a)
the law of segregation of gene in crop improvement state that genes are responsible for the development of the individual and that they are independently transmitted from one generation to another without under-going any alteration
6b)
i)neem
ii)acalpha
6c)
i)they may eat up the crops
ii)head to total distruction of plant crops
6cii)
chemical control
i)may end up in killing the plant
ii)it add toxicity of soil and crops to our livestock
6d)
i)centrosema spp
ii)pid weed
6e)
i)the prohibition of bush burning
ii)ban on indiscriminate cutting of timber tree
iii)encourage people to plant trees
iv)ban on farming in forest reserve
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9a)
Capital market entails the part of financial system concerned with raising capital by dealing in stocks, bonds, and other long-term investments in agriculture.┬
9b)
law of supply is a fundamental principle of economic theory which states that, all else equal, an increase in price results in an increase in quantity supplied of coffee.
9c)
i)Infrastructural inadequacies
ii)Social misconception┬
iii)poor legal and regulatory framework,┬
iv)paucity of qualified manpower.
9d)
typing
9e)
typing
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